# Variables¶

Variables frequently used in C-API are explained. In interfaces of other languages, the definition may be different, e.g., lattice for Python interface is transposed.

## lattice¶

Attention: In Python interface, lattice is transposed (Crystal structure (cell).)

Basis vectors (in Cartesian)

[ [ a_x, b_x, c_x ],
[ a_y, b_y, c_y ],
[ a_z, b_z, c_z ] ]


Cartesian position is obtained by

where is the basis vectors defined above and is , and is the atomic position in fractional coordinates given below.

## position¶

Atomic points (in fractional coordinates with respect to basis vectors)

[ [ x1_a, x1_b, x1_c ],
[ x2_a, x2_b, x2_c ],
[ x3_a, x3_b, x3_c ],
...                   ]


## types¶

Atomic species are differenciated by integers. The nubmers are just used to distinguishes atoms, and is not releated to atomic numbers.

[ type_1, type_2, type_3, ... ]


The number of elements is same as the number of atoms.

## rotation¶

Rotation matricies (ingeger) of symmetry operations.

[ [ r_aa, r_ab, r_ac ],
[ r_ba, r_bb, r_bc ],
[ r_ca, r_cb, r_cc ] ]


## translation¶

Translation vectors corresponding to symmetry operations in fractional coordinates.

[ t_a, t_b, t_c ]


## symprec¶

Tolerance of distance between atomic positions and between lengths of lattice vectors to be tolerated in the symmetry finding. The angle distortion between lattice vectors is converted to a length and compared with this distance tolerance. If the explicit angle tolerance is expected, see angle_tolerance.

## angle_tolerance¶

Experimental

Tolerance of angle between lattice vectors in degrees to be tolerated in the symmetry finding. To use angle tolerance, another set of functions are prepared as follows

spgat_get_dataset
spgat_get_symmetry
spgat_get_symmetry_with_collinear_spin
spgat_get_multiplicity
spgat_find_primitive
spgat_get_international
spgat_get_schoenflies
spgat_refine_cell


These functions are called by the same way with an additional argument of const double angle_tolerance in degrees. By specifying a negative value, the behavior becomes the same as usual functions. The default value of angle_tolerance is a negative value.